Termites can damage your home
Termites are a type of insect that has existed for millions of years it is the oldest bug coexisting with dinosaurs.
Termites commonly called white ants, but is more closely related to cockroaches rather than ants.
Both termites and cockroaches have been among the longest living animals in the world and can easily adapt to changing environments. Present number of termite species around the world are more than 2500,The number of termite species and subspecies are expected to increase over time as identification techniques to improve.
Subterranean termites cause the majority of damage in Australia.
Termites are social insects with different castes:
Termite QUEEN: Can be more than 15 years living in different species.
Soldier termites: The main function of the colony is to protect others from insects such as ants. Soldier termites have prominent jaws and some may emit a chemical repellent as a form of defense.
Worker Termites: Performs the work of the colony. They build earthen leads, searching and demolition wood and feeding the other castes. The worker caste has no wings, no prominent jaw and a lighter head than soldiers.
Reproductive: When a colony reaches a certain density of population, reproductive termites known as, is produced. These are developing wings (they are then called ALT) and when they leave the mature colony to establish new colonies.
Worker and soldier termites are blind and work 24 hours a day.
A big nest can contain several million termites with thousands added each day from the Queen.The average termite (worker soldier) has a lifespan of up to four years.
A termite’s favorite subject is cellulose, which is available in most wood and paper products. Cellulose can be obtained through sources other than wood, such as grass and debris.
Termites can also attack the carpet, plastics, soft metals ) And electrical cables.Most pest species of termites have a high moisture requirement for the colony to survive. They have thin cuticle (skin), which must not dry out or termite will die.Termites are attracted to hidden areas in homes, such as cavity wall, bathroom cabinets or wetlandsTermites can squeeze through gaps as small as 1 mm.
Different types of termites
A brief understanding of various termites common in Australia. If you suspect you have termites, it is important not to disturb them require a termite inspection that any disruption can cause more problems in eradicating the problem.
Occurring north of the tropics of Capricorn, non-mound builders, nests in the trunks, root crowns of trees and stumps. Are the most destructive of the Australian species of termites can cause major damage in a short time and will attack the houses, buildings, bridges, posts, poles, and many other vegetable and animal products.
Found Australia wide can be identified by soldiers have mandibles present and presents a milky latex material called exudates from a pore on the head called the fontanelle. Mud packing operation of termites is usually easier when the surrounding soil and some species will form sub nests in buildings such as G Walls but the queen and her colony is not mobile. This is the most wide spread species. Three main species in Australia is Coptotermes frenchie, Coptotermes lacteus and Coptotermes acinaciformis.
Occurring Australia wide, both large and small soldiers with species of intermedius, nests found in tree stumps, under the houses. Colony queen can move as partially mobile, mud tubes are fairly brittle different from Coptotermes species.
Occurring Australia wide both pile and arboreal nests builders. Soldiers have a head, pointing in contrast to other termite species, most of denne family prefer hardwood, sub nests are often formed by additional queens.
Occurring Australia wide both mound and trelevende nest builders. Colonies are often directly exposed to damage deteriorated wood in contact with the ground. Mound and trelevende nests appear in the same color as the surrounding soil.
Throughout Australia south of the Tropic of Capricorn. Has more species, one of which is Heterotormes ferox, this species does not build mounds but form small colonies adjacent to other termite species along stumps, trunks and roots of tree.
Drywood termites are able to infect and destroy structural timber and joinery timber and furniture. They are located primarily in tropical areas. Drywood termites do? T require water in some other source so that moisture in drywood and humidity in the atmosphere.
Damp Wood Termites
As Porotermes adamsoni requires wet or decayed wood to start a nest. Small colonies in trees, rotting logs and wood.