Rodents like rats and mice are capable of destroying millions of dollars worth of goods as well as food items every year.
That is the reason why there has been a continual war between mankind and these rodents ever since civilisation began.
The most common rodents in Australia are the roof rat hiding away in your roof, the Norway rat hiding in the pantry or the kitchen and the little black house mouse.
These three rodents species have learned to live with mankind, and destroy his food and furniture. So wherever you see human population,you are going to see these species sharing the human accommodation.
These three species are found all of the world, and that is how so many pest control companies keep looking for the best strategies to get rid of these destructive household pests.
So if you do not want your food contaminated with rat infestations, or the society around you is suffering from diseases carried by rats, — like plague — you need to get the expert services for this rat menace.
There are two common species of “house rat” throughout the world; the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus, and the black rat, Rattus rattus, or roof rat of the family of Muridea, genus Rattus.
Both species originated in Asia, but have spread throughout the world via shipping.
House rats are characterised by stout-bodies, a pointed muzzle, long slender tail, and dexterous forepaws.
These two types of rats live mostly in and around human settlements, where they have few natural enemies and an abundant source of food.
The “brown rat”, Rattus norvegicus, is the larger of the two growing up to 25cm long (excluding the tail) and can weigh more than a half a kilogram.
It is usually brown with whitish underparts and pink ears, feet, and tail.
It is a poor climber, but an excellent burrower and swimmer; it is found in the damp basements and sewers of most cities.
The “black rat”, Rattus rattus, is usually dark gray rather than black.
It grows to a maximum length of 20 cm and has a longer tail and larger ears than the brown rat.
A good climber, the black rat inhabits attics and upper floors in warm areas.
Rats are omnivorous, adaptable, aggressive, intelligent, and extremely fecund. Females produce up to 8 litters each year -with as many as 20 offspring per litter. The gestation period is three weeks, and the young reach sexual maturity after just two months.
Living as long as four years; rats are known for invading food supplies, causing widespread destruction and spreading human diseases such as typhus, tularaemia & bubonic plague.
How to get rid of mice in your home?
The house mouse is the most common rodent pest in most parts of the world. A female house mouse can give birth to up to a dozen babies every three weeks. That’s 150 babies a year! House mice primarily feed on plants, but they will also eat meat and dairy products. They will drink water but require very little of it. They will eat their own droppings to acquire nutrients produced by bacteria in their guts! They live in structures, but they can live outdoors. They breed throughout the year and often share nests with their “relatives”.
How can I get rid of mice?
It is important to get rid of mice quickly, before they damage pipes, cables and insulation.
It is possible to carry out the work yourself.
To get rid of mice the following strategies may be successful:
- Set traps. Snap traps may be used and these should be placed next to walls where mice tend to travel.
- Place mice traps up against walls, behind objects, and in secluded areas where mouse droppings, gnawing and damage are evident.
- All traps should be handled with care.
- Try to get rid of mice as soon as you spot signs of their intrusion – don’t wait until you discover yourself springing onto a chair to get rid of mice speeding across the kitchen.
- At that point, you’ll be waging a war rather than just defending your borders.
- If you have kids or pets we recommend you contact a pest professional to help you eradicate this pest problem.